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Tropical and Indigenous plant information on more than 3000 plants with easy search, ... Sonali, Bandarlati, Marathi - Bahava, Tamil - Konnei, Sarakkonne, Telugu - Rela Cassia fistula full blooming. It is commonly known by its local names matura tea tree, avaram or ranawara , (Kannada: ಆವರಿಕೆ āvarike, Telugu: తంగేడు taṃgēḍu, Tamil: ஆவாரை āvārai) or the English version avaram senna. To. C. fistula is also featured on a 2003 joint Canadian-Thai design for a 48-cent stamp, part of a series featuring national emblems. It is the State flower of Telangana. Cassia comes from the bark of the plant though Cassia lends a sweeter note than cinnamon. Bold colors. Charaka and Vagbhatta described it by the name of Prapunnada and Edagaja. Description A small erect shrub, Indian senna attains a height of about 2 to 3 feet. It occurs in the dry regions of India and Sri Lanka. Senna, the sennas, is a large genus of flowering plants in the legume family (Fabaceae, subfamily Caesalpinioideae, tribe Cassieae).This diverse genus is native throughout the tropics, with a small number of species in temperate regions. It is a popular ornamental plant and is also used in herbal medicine. It ranges from eastward throughout India to Myanmar and Thailand and south to Sri Lanka and southern Pakistan. It tolerates drought and dry conditions, but not much cold. The most important medicinal part of the sarakondrai is the pulp of fruit (devoid of seeds, septa, and pieces of pericarp). The leaves of the species are used as a popular spice in several Indian dishes, particularly in Northern India. Cassia auriculata is an evergreen shrub that grows in many parts of India and in other parts of Asia. Golden Shower - Cassia Fistula. It occurs in the dry regions of India and Sri Lanka. Botanical name of Chakramarda is Cassia tora. Feedipedia, a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO. The leaves are alternate, stipulate, paripinnate compound, very numerous, closely placed, rachis 8.8-12.5 cm long, narrowly furrowed, slender, pubescent, with an erect linear gland between the leaflets of each pair, leaflets 16-24, very shortly stalked 2-2.5 cm long 1-1.3 cm broad, slightly overlapping, oval oblong, obtuse, at both ends, mucronate, glabrous or minutely downy, dull green, paler beneath, stipules very large, reniform-rotund, produced at base on side of next petiole into a filiform point and persistent. The Plants Database includes the following 11 species of Cassia . Chakramarda is a medicinal plant well described in Ayurveda. Avarampooo is called Tanner’s – Cassia in English, Tangedu in Telugu, and Taravar in Hindi. In: Current Science (Bangalore), 65 (3). A 2006–2007 flower festival, the Royal Flora Ratchaphruek, was named after the tree, which is known in Thai as ratchaphruek (Thai: ราชพฤกษ์) and the blossoms commonly referred to as dok khun (Thai: ดอกคูน). Chakramarda – Cassia tora. The plant is a small herb growing up to 50 cm bearing reddish yellow flowers. Plant Description. Troup, R.S. The dried flowers and flower buds are used as a substitute for tea in case of diabetes patients. [2], The plant has been shown to have antibacterial activity in the laboratory. When used as such, it is known as "cassia pods". It is also believed to improve the complexion. It is used as a medicine in Ayurveda, Siddha and unani system of medicine. ), produces evergreen foliage and seasonal yellow flowers. AMALTAS, PURGING CASSIA (CASSIA FISTULA) Amaltas tree is a golden shower medium sized tree. Medicinal Properties of Cassia absus plant and seeds: Rasa (Taste) – Tikta – bitter, Kashaya – astringent Veerya (Potency) – Sheeta – Coolant Subject. It will tolerate light brief frost, but can get damaged if the cold persists. List of various diseases cured by Cassia Auriculata. Cassia Fistula, known as the golden shower tree and by other names, is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae. The principal active constituents of senna are dianthrone glycosides whose aglycone is Rhein. The Cassia plant mainly grows in the tropical regions of India and is commercially supplied in bulk from regions of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. [15], Media related to Cassia fistula at Wikimedia Commons 270-272. The tree blooms better with pronounced differences between summer and winter temperatures. [7], Various species of bees and butterflies are known to be pollinators of C. fistula flowers, especially carpenter bees (Xylocopa sp.). Flowering is profuse, with trees being covered with yellow flowers, many times with almost no leaf being seen. The number of species is estimated to be from about 260 to 350. Avaram senna is a much branched shrub with smooth cinnamon brown bark and closely pubescent branchlets. Cassia fistula, or sarakondrai is one of the most beautiful trees, also known as Indian Laburnam, Golden Showers, this plant really has properties to bestow your health with benefits. Cassia - Cassia typically refers to cassia bark, the spice made from the bark of East Asian evergreen trees. It is a bilingual work with content presented in Sanskrit and Telugu languages. Native Introduced Native and Introduced Cassia fistula, commonly known as golden shower,[2] purging cassia,[3] Indian laburnum,[4] or pudding-pipe tree,[5] is a flowering plant in the subfamily, Caesalpinioideae of the legume family, Fabaceae. (1911).Silviculture of Indian Trees. Cassia in Recipes . admin April 19, 2015 Aragvadha – Cassia Fistula 2015-04-28T23:01:13+00:00 A, Aragvadha, Medicinal Herbs No Comment Aragvadha is a Sanskrit word, means which eliminate the disease. Cassia Tora Seed or Jue Ming Zi in Chinese, or the ripe seed of sickelpod cold nature of the fruit is excellent for cooling down the body. [9], In India, flowers of the golden shower tree are sometimes eaten by people. How Cassia Auriculata is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Cassia has been used for generations and is one of the few essential oils mentioned in the Old Testament. The cassia tora is also known as Charota an Chakvad in Hindi, Chakunda in Bengali & Oriya, Kawaria in Gujarati, Chakramandrakam in Malayalam, Takala in Marathi, Chakramarda & Dadmari in Sanskrit, Tagarai in Tamil and Chinnakasinda in Telugu. It blooms in late spring. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Click thumbnail for enlarged photo Category: Trees, Medicinal Plants The plant bears flowers in the rainy season and fruits in the winter. [14], In Laos, its blooming flowers known locally as dok khoun are associated with the Lao New Year. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Cassia Auriculata. Buy Cassia Angustifolia, Sanay, Senna - 0.5 kg Seeds and 6000+ more gardening products online. The species is native to the Indian subcontinent and adjacent regions of Southeast Asia. The large and broad bilateral leaves close at night. Senna is a small, perennial, branched, drought resistant undershrub growing to a height of 60 - 75 cm. People use the flowers as offerings at the temple and also hang them in their homes for the New Year in belief that the flowers will bring happiness and good luck to the households. The leaves are deciduous, 15–60 cm (6–24 in) long, and pinnate with three to eight pairs of leaflets, each leaflet 7–21 cm (3–8 in) long and 4–9 cm (1.6–3.5 in) broad. It ranges from southern Pakistan eastward throughout India to Myanmar and Thailand and south to Sri Lanka. It is both the national tree and national flower of Thailand. He found that golden jackals feed on the fruits and help in seed dispersal. Contextual translation of "senna leaves" into Telugu. Amaltas Leaves are deciduous, long and pinnate. Published under the authority of His Majesty's Secretary of State for India in Council. 12-20 seeds per fruit are carried each in its separate cavity. Cassia Tora Seed is highly valued in ancient Chinese herb. Its flowers are irregular, bisexual, bright yellow and large (nearly 5 cm across), the pedicels glabrous and 2.5 cm long. The golden rain tree is the national flower of Thailand; its yellow flowers symbolize Thai royalty. Growth for this tree is best in full sun on well-drained soil; it is relatively drought-tolerant and slightly salt-tolerant. [1] Share. Charaka and Vagbhatta described it by the name of Prapunnada and Edagaja. Murali, KS (1993) Differential reproductive success in Cassia fistula in different habitats—A case of pollinator limitations? pp. Indian Bay Leaf, Indian cassia, Indian cassia bark, Tamala cassia, Malabar Leaf: तेजपत्ता tejpatta: Cinnamomum tamala or Indian Bark is a commonly used plant known by the name Tejpatta in India. How to Care for a Cassia Plant. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Golden tree (Cassia fistula). The dried leaves and fruits of Cassia acutifolia and C. angustifolia. We present to you 960 Traded Indian Medicinal Plants species.Here you can type botanical name and get vernacular names and trade name correlation. The racemes are few-flowered, short, erect, crowded in axils of upper leaves so as to form a large terminal inflorescence stamens barren; the ovary is superior, unilocular, with marginal ovules. Its growth is fastest up to 10-20 meter high. Cassia Tora Seed is highly valued in ancient Chinese herb. Get 1 Free Product Today All India Delivery Lowest prices. Contextual translation of "senna" into Telugu. Plant Chemicals The fruit pulp is considered a purgative,[11][12] and self-medication or any use without medical supervision is strongly advised against in Ayurvedic texts. Oxford Clarendon Press. C. fistula is widely grown as an ornamental plant in tropical and subtropical areas. Water when the plant begins to dry out, and watch for spider mites. Senna auriculata is a leguminous tree in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae.It is commonly known by its local names matura tea tree, avaram or ranawara, (Kannada: ಆವರಿಕೆ āvarike, Telugu: తంగేడు taṃgēḍu, Tamil: ஆவாரை āvārai) or the English version avaram senna.It is the State flower of Telangana. The Cassia plant mainly grows in the tropical regions of India and is commercially supplied in bulk from regions of Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Dried cassia buds resembling cloves are used in the East for pickles, curries, candies, and spicy meat dishes. Chakramarda is a medicinal plant well described in Ayurveda. "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", "Cassia Fistula (aburnum, Purging Fistula, Golden Shower, Amaltas)", https://dh-web.org/place.names/bot2sinhala.html#Aehaela, Lao NEWS on LNTV: When the golden shower trees, known as Dok Khoun in Laos blossom.17/4/2014, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cassia_fistula&oldid=986036480, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 October 2020, at 12:22. Cassia plants, or candlestick bush (Senna spp. It was used extensively in many indigenous cultures as a stimulating herb for a myriad of conditions. Names in different languages: English- Indian Senna, Indian Senna, Alexandrian Senna, Senna alexandrina Hindi- Senai Kannada- Nelavarike Tamil- Nilavirai Telugu- Nelatagedu Malayalam- Nilavilakku It is common along the sea coast and the dry zone in Sri Lanka. This can also refer to, U. S. Department of Agriculture, William Saunders; Catalogue of Economic Plants in the Collection of the U. S. Department of Agriculture; Washington D. C.; June 5, 1891. Chakramarda Cassia tora is used in ring worm and other skin diseases. Cassia Alata| Senna Alata is the botanical name. Names of Cassia Auriculata in various languages of the world are also given. In Africa the bark and seeds are said to give relief in rheumatism, eye diseases, gonorrhea, diabetes and gout. Cassia alata L. Synonym of Senna alata Roxb. A summer shower or irrigation that is followed by intense sun almost cooks this plant in the steamy humidity that results. [5], In India, a cathartic made from the pulp is sometimes added to tobacco. The leaves have laxative properties. Heuzé V., Thiollet H., Tran G., Hassoun P., Lebas F., 2018. .mw-parser-output span.smallcaps{font-variant:small-caps}.mw-parser-output span.smallcaps-smaller{font-size:85%}Database on state of environment, Kerala (2008): Kerala Symbols, "Canafistula" redirects here. It is Susruta who used the term Chakramarda for the first time. 0. Though it has been used in herbalism for millennia, little research has been conducted in modern times, although it is an ingredient in some mass-produced herbal laxatives. [8] In 1911, Robert Scott Troup conducted an experiment to determine how the seeds of C. fistula are dispersed. The flowers are produced in pendulous racemes 20–40 cm (8–16 in) long, each flower 4–7 cm (1.6–2.8 in) diameter with five yellow petals of equal size and shape. Three to eight leaves are combined to form a cluster and … It is seen throughout India from the Himalayas to temperate parts. [5], Evaluation of antibacterial activity of flower extracts of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Senna_auriculata&oldid=992111330, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from December 2007, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 15:37. [3], The plant has been reported to treat hyperglycemia and associated hyperlipidemia[4], This plant is said to contain a cardiac glucoside (sennapicrin) and sap, leaves and bark yield anthraquinones, while the latter contains tannins. Senna auriculata is suitable for landscaping roadways and home gardens. The flowers are of ritual importance in the Vishu festival of Kerala, and the tree was depicted on a 20-rupee stamp. Cassia auriculata L. Cassia densistipulata Taub. Cassia Alata Plant Description & Botanical Name: The seed, leaves and flowers are used for medicinal purposes. It is Susruta who used the term Chakramarda for the first time. Cassia angustifolia, more commonly known as senna, is an herb with laxative qualities. Cassia absus – Names in different languages: English name – Jasmeejaz, Chaksu seeds Hindi name-Chakanu Telugu name- Chanubala Vittulu Tamil name- Karum Marathi name- Chinola Unani- Chaakshu Gujarathi name – Chimed Botanical name of Chakramarda is Cassia tora. ARAGVADHA - Cassia fistula using in Ayurveda with pictures and details.pictures etc It grows well in dry climates. The flowers in racemes are also attractive. [13], The golden shower tree is the state flower of Kerala. It is the state flower of Kerala in India. It is native to India. The seeds are black in color. ( Search by botanical names ) (Based on latest study: Demand and Supply of Medicinal Plants in Trade) HOME >> Botanical Namewise Search. It can be subject to mildew or leaf spot, especially during the second half of the growing season. Popular Name(s): Tinnervelly Senna, Cassia Senna, Locust Plant, Rajavriksha, Fan xia ye Parts Used: Pods, stems, leaves Habitat: Cultivated in dry lands of Southern & Western India, and indigenous to Arabia. The fruit is a short legume, 7.5–11 cm long, 1.5 cm broad, oblong, obtuse, tipped with long style base, flat, thin, papery, undulately crimpled, pilose, pale brown. Chakramarda Cassia tora is used in ring worm and other skin diseases. [7] The tree is frequently cultivated in Buddhist temples in Sri Lanka where the Sinhala name is Ehela, ඇහැල. Message ... Telugu. [2], The root is used in decoctions against fevers, diabetes, diseases of urinary system and constipation. Cassia Tora Seed or Jue Ming Zi in Chinese, or the ripe seed of sickelpod cold nature of the fruit is excellent for cooling down the body. Alata plant is a large shrub that grows up to 3 to 4 meters tall. [10], In Ayurvedic medicine, the golden shower tree is known as aragvadha, meaning "disease killer". Human translations with examples: senna ఆకులు, tangedu puvvu, డ్రాకం క్యులస్. Cassia fistula, commonly known as golden shower, purging cassia, Indian laburnum, or pudding-pipe tree, is a flowering plant in the subfamily, Caesalpinioideae of the legume family, Fabaceae.The species is native to the Indian subcontinent and adjacent regions of Southeast Asia.It ranges from eastward throughout India to Myanmar and Thailand and south to Sri Lanka and southern Pakistan. Cassia fistula- Medicinal Plant, In Vedic literature the dried branches of Aragvadha are used for ritual performance Several external applications containing Aragvadha are mentioned in Ayurveda ( psoriasis etc.). The fruit is a legume, 30–60 cm (12–24 in) long and 1.5–2.5 cm (0.6–1.0 in) broad, with a pungent odor and containing several seeds. The powdered seed is also applied to the eye, in case of chronic purulent conjunctivitis. The medical uses of Cassia angustifolia include the treatment of intestinal conditions such as constipation, irritable bowel syndrome and hemorrhoids.It also can be used to treat hemorrhoids or as a laxative. Its stem is pale green, smooth and erect. Senna auriculata is a leguminous tree in the subfamily Caesalpinioideae. The tree has strong and very durable wood, and has been used to construct "Ehela Kanuwa", a site at Adam's Peak, Sri Lanka, which is made of C. fistula (ahala, ehela, or aehaela, ඇහැල in Sinhala [6]) heartwood. The leaves have also been used to supplement the diets of cattle, sheep, and goats fed with low-quality forages. Cassia fistula - Cassia fistula, commonly known as golden shower, purging cassia, or Indian laburnum, is a flowering plant in the subfamily, Caesalpiniaceae of the legume family, Fabaceae. Cassia is usually a better choice for savory dishes, rather than sweets, while cinnamon is best for sweet baked goods. The golden shower tree is a medium-sized tree, growing to 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall with fast growth. The species is native to the Indian subcontinent and adjacent regions of Southeast Asia. Cassia Alata belongs to the family Fabaceae and genus Senna. Human translations with examples: మెంథా, చయ ఆకులు, కాలే ఆకులు, సోయా ఆకులు, అగతి ఆకులు, senna ఆకులు, తులసి ఆకులు.

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