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Even so, more elementary teachers now are making the jump to the principalship after several years in a coordinating position such as in special education or from being team leaders in middle schools. This pay gap accounts for almost $1 million loss in lifetime earnings. Just have faith and believe God for the outcome. Women represented approximately 76 percent of public school teachers in 2017-18, with a lower percentage of male teachers at the elementary school level (11 percent) than at the secondary school level (36 percent), according to the National Center for Education Statistics.Â, The AASA report also found that the percentage of people of color in superintendent jobs is lopsided compared to the demographics of both the students they serve and teachers they oversee. Please contact the developer of this form processor to improve this message. Fewer than 9 percent of survey respondents identified as people of color in 2020. if (!window.AdButler){(function(){var s = document.createElement("script"); s.async = true; s.type = "text/javascript";s.src = 'http://ab165731.adbutler-boson.com/app.js';var n = document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; n.parentNode.insertBefore(s, n);}());} Dan Domenech, the executive director of the American Association of School Administrators, recently stated, “there is a huge disparity here” in reference to the number of women in the superintendent role as compared to men (Domenech as cited in Holland, 2011, p. 1). But it’s an agenda that permeates nearly every institution in this nation, including the one in charge of teaching girls what to aim for in life: our public schools. Based on previous editions of the AASA study, the number of female superintendents is steadily—albeit slowly—increasing year over year. Some of this difference may be attributable to having children at home. This leads to some important questions. This means the superintendent’s family will be making perhaps four moves after she or he leaves classroom teaching. work harder and longer to become principals, Michael Bloomberg unveils ‘progressive’ higher education plan, How John White survived Louisiana's education reform tumult, In one country, women now outnumber men in college by two to one, Proudly powered by Newspack by Automattic. The study also showed that women tended to lead larger, urban school … Therefore the ladder from the classroom to the superintendency often begins as an assistant principalship or as a high school department chair. Women aspiring to be leaders or managers no longer are locked into nursing and education. The average superintendent spends more than 50 hours a week at work, including night meetings and sporting events. More funding for central-office administrators likely would take much of the pressure off superintendents and free more time for critical tasks and family life. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. I had major plans for my life. Board expectations regarding day-to-day budget and fiscal management should be shifted to an assistant superintendent with perhaps more external monitoring than exists now in most districts. However, many boards think the existence of central-office administrators only serves as a red flag for critics of the district’s budget. Of the state's 289 school superintendents, 42 or 14% are women (Strozyk, 1997). Even though the percentage of women superintendents has nearly doubled during the 1990s--from 6.6 percent to 13.2 percent--the vast majority of superintendents (87 percent) are male. Table 1: Gender Percentage of Superintendents, Principals, and School Board Chairmen Table 2: Female Educator Participant Survey Demographics Table 3: Participant Survey Responses to Five-point Likert-Scale Questions Table 4: Responses to the Additional Non-Principal Survey Questions As I began to develop and wanted to precede in real-time on my dreams and plans there were obstacles. Several recent state studies have shown the number of women who are chief school business officials has substantially increased during the past 10 years. Just 27 percent of superintendents are women; women account for 76 percent of public school teachers. Our social identities influence decisions about how resources are distributed among various communities. I received little to no support and was redirected to a more suitable profession “nursing”. Is there discrimination on the part of school boards and others involved in the hiring process? Despite passage of affirmative-action legislation in the United States, the percentage of women school superintendents has increased at a very slow pace. Why then are there so few women heading school districts? In contrast, about 60 percent of male superintendents nationwide at one point had been coaches, according to information Bush discovered during her research. This is followed by possible reasons for the low percentages of women superintendents and an expansion on each possible reason. While the vast majority of teachers are women, it’s hard for women to move up into leadership roles in the public-school system. Eighty percent of public school teachers are females, but only 24% of school superintendents are females. This may be the single most important reason why women candidates for the superintendency are so few. According to federal data and findings from a recent national survey, women account for less than a quarter of all superintendents in the nation’s nearly 14,000 school districts. It is very likely that more women would be attracted to the superintendency if the oppressive workload was altered. Among Black, Latino, Asian and Native-American superintendents, approximately 42 percent are women.Â, Related: Black women teachers need better working conditionsÂ. Former U.S. Education Secretary Bill Bennett told Fox News she was “rough” and “vicious.” One of her most notable faults was being “a very ambitious person.”. Sign up for Hechinger’s newsletter. Showcasing exemplary, meaningful superintendent leadership. See women couldn’t stand in the pulpit and they must have their heads covered…when in church. Strategy 2: Boards should make it possible for women superintendents to excel in what they like to do. Most data indicate that school boards, while claiming keen interest in the instructional program, see the management of fiscal resources to be a critical component of the superintendency. Of our nation’s 13,728 superintendents, 1,984 today are women. Superintendent search firms have been more aggressive in identifying women candidates, while the gender composition of school boards gradually has shifted toward a more even distribution between women and men. Women now make up around half the ranks from which the vast majorityof superintendents are drawn: central-office administrators andprincipals. Covering Innovation & Inequality in Education. What strategies might be used to attract and place more women in the superintendency? Athletic coaching and assignments such as band directorships often provide teachers an opportunity to demonstrate skills in leadership, management and an ability to work with community members. Many female building administrators may perceive it difficult to move into the superintendency if they are confronted with the problem of a trailing spouse. Only 24 percent of men said their boards had hired them to be primarily instructional leaders. Just 27 percent of superintendents are women; women account for 76 percent of public school teachers. Yet, nationally over 75% of all K-12 educators are women. Because wealth is a driver of health, education and other quality-of-life measures, women’s striving for equity shouldn’t be described pejoratively as being ambitious. Women principals and central-office administrators recognize the time and pressure of the superintendency frequently interfere with family life and choose to spend non-working time with family rather than school board members and citizens. I want to encourage and empower all females to discover your innate talents and explore all opportunities. Fifty-five had been secondary school principals, who typically carry more responsibility in management and budget than elementary principals. The AASA study showed that boards place a high degree of emphasis on budget and financial decisions by using skills and experiences in these areas as key hiring criteria. Boards of education while saying that the instructional program is important do not want an inexperienced superintendent in fiscal management. Dive Brief: As superintendents from across the country gather in Los Angeles this week for the annual meeting of AASA, The School Superintendents Association, the organization's latest salary survey shows pay ranging from a low of $42,000 to a high of almost $400,000. Women also seem to have a less-developed mentoring system compared to men. AASA’s 10-year studies always have shown that women superintendents are older than their male counterparts with comparable years in the superintendency. Eight of the women had been elementary school principals, which is a typical career path for women administrators, according to Bush. The most recent findings show that in a survey of about 2,000superintendents nationwide, 24 percent were women — up from 13percent when the survey was last taken a … percentage of assistant, associate or deputy superintendent positions while holding or working on certification than White women in the same roles (85% versus 73%), making women of color more likely than any other group to be prepared to assume the superintendency (Osler & Webb, I was often told NO! Of the 297 women superintendents in the AASA study, 130 were former elementary teachers. Please contact the developer of this form processor to improve this message. Superintendents are not usually hired from within and have three superintendencies during their career of some 15 to 17 years as the school district CEO. Elementary classroom teachers have to jump straight from the classroom to the principalship--a difficult prospect in many districts despite the increasing size of elementary schools. AdButler.ads.push({handler: function(opt){ AdButler.register(165731, 214036, [160,600], 'placement_214036_'+opt.place, opt); }, opt: { place: plc214036++, keywords: abkw, domain: 'ab165731.adbutler-boson.com', click:'CLICK_MACRO_PLACEHOLDER' }}); if (!window.AdButler){(function(){var s = document.createElement("script"); s.async = true; s.type = "text/javascript";s.src = 'http://ab165731.adbutler-boson.com/app.js';var n = document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0]; n.parentNode.insertBefore(s, n);}());} More by Andre Perry. and challenges women have faced as they aspire to the school superintendent position as well as while in the superintendent position. Enrollment and number of school districts by type: 2019–20 Required fields are marked *. This upward trend from a low of 1.3% in the early 1970s has not mirrored the increase of females in executive level positions in other professions. Interestingly, about 43 percent of the male superintendents agreed that school boards tend to view women as incapable of managing a school district. Even though the increase in women superintendents from 24.1% in 2010 to 26.68% in 2020 represents only a 2.5 percentage point increase, it is more than double the 13.1% documented in 2000, said Tienken, an associate professor of education leadership, management and policy at Seton Hall University in New Jersey. Today nearly one in every four superintendents is a woman, nearly doubling the 13 percent figure in AASA’s 2000 report. but I enjoy sports. AdButler.ads.push({handler: function(opt){ AdButler.register(165731, 214034, [160,300], 'placement_214034_'+opt.place, opt); }, opt: { place: plc214034++, keywords: abkw, domain: 'ab165731.adbutler-boson.com', click:'CLICK_MACRO_PLACEHOLDER' }}); This app is designed for school superintendents, central office staff, principals, teachers, policy-makers, business and community leaders, parents and more. Even though the server responded OK, it is possible the submission was not processed. Pretty girls don’t take auto mechanics they take typing … but I like fixing things that are broken. Lucas points to the fact that the number of women in the superintendency "remains…no larger a proportion than at … Coaching activities traditionally have provided secondary and junior high teachers with an initial step toward administration. When it comes to school superintendents, only 24% are women. Or do women educators, for whatever reason, choose not to pursue the superintendency? That was never my dream but someone else’s dream for me. Statewide, about 73 percent of classroom teachers in public schools last year were women. While women make up 77 percent of the teaching profession, according to the National Center for Education Statistic, they account for just 33 percent of U.S. superintendents, the AASA survey found. At The Hechinger Report, we publish thoughtful letters from readers that contribute to the ongoing discussion about the education topics we cover. Say, “About damn time.”. We tell the whole story, even when the details are inconvenient. What all this suggests is that high school and middle school teachers have many more entry points for a move into administration and the first step toward the superintendency. See, I wasn’t just dreaming, I was planning. Anyone who insults a woman who pursues a leadership position as being too ambitious has an agenda of their own — sexism. Even with a … School Safety and Crisis Planning Toolkit, 2015 February Issue of School Administrator, AASA Bylaws, Beliefs and Position Statements, Leveling the Playing Field for Rural Students, Public Loss, Private Gain: How School Voucher Tax Shelters Undermine Public Education, Cutting Medicaid: A Prescription to Hurt the Neediest Kids, Aspiring Superintendents Academy®: Blended Learning Model, Aspiring Superintendents Academy® for Female Leaders, Aspiring Superintendents Academy® for Latino and Latina Leaders, AASA National Superintendent Certification Program®, AASA Women In School Leadership Initiative, Future Focused Schools Collaborative Leading Learning for 2030, Youth E-Cigarette Use and Vaping In Schools, Crowdfunding Best Practices Toolkit For District Leaders, Vouchers, ALEC, and the Successes of Public Education, FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Contact: James Minichello at jminichello@aasa.org, Premier Partner: Triway International Group, Educator Professional Development Program. As already mentioned, many women teach in the classroom for more years than men. Many men reacted to the choice of Sen. Kamala Harris as the Democratic vice-presidential nominee too predictably. Sign up for our weekly newsletters to get stories like this delivered directly to your inbox. © 2019 AASA, The School Superintendents Association. For most superintendents there are three positions (or chairs) to move through to the superintendency (assistant principal, principal and central-office administrator). A significant amount of attention has been focused recently on the role of women in the superintendency and principalship. document.write('<'+'div id="placement_214034_'+plc214034+'">'); Yet 72 percent of all K-12 educators in this country are women, according to the U.S. Department of Education. Representation matters. School boards should allow women superintendents to spend a greater degree of working time in the field in which they gain the most satisfaction. Work pressures and time demands simply are discouraging many principals and central-office administrators from becoming superintendents. The National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS) is a system of related questionnaires that provide descriptive data on the context of elementary and secondary education in addition to giving policymakers a variety of statistics on the condition of education in the United States. That’s more than double the percentage of female superintendents documented in 2000 (13.1 percent), according to the education news site Education Dive. However, the percentage of women who serve as superintendents is in stark contrast to the percentage of women in the teaching ranks. Most school boards still contain a majority of men, according to the last two 10-year studies by AASA. As a little girl I had a whimsical imagination and prolific writing skills. Percentage of Female Principals in Illinois and North Carolina, 1988–2001. Although the number of female engineering students has grown over the years, only 14 percent of engineers are women. The gender gap is alive and well. Several books and an array of doctoral dissertations have examined women and the superintendency. Financial incentives might be given by states to schools districts that hire women or minority superintendents. A positive note in the report is the increase in the percentage of women and persons of color in the superintendency. The analysis of this data lends insights on the lack of better representation of women in the superintendency. Today, approximately 75 percent of elementary classroom teachers are women. Elementary school teaching traditionally has been a preserve of women. My childhood pastor is the greatest storyteller I’ve ever heard til today!! This type of work week often is not appealing to younger women (or men) accustomed to child-centered teaching in elementary classrooms and to people who prefer a better balance between work and family life. It … Many potential women candidates for the superintendency might reach the central office in their early 50s and really don't want to proceed further or move into a new career since retirement is just four or five years away. Today, most secondary schools sponsor at least six interscholastic sports for both boys and girls, which provides at least 12 head coaching jobs. By submitting your name, you grant us permission to publish it with your letter. By district size, 43% (18 in number) of all female superintendents work in districts with 10 t 245 students. Perry was the founding dean of urban education at Davenport University in Grand Rapids, Mich. This is the second year AASA has conducted the survey, and response rates increased from 14 percent in the first year to more than 25 percent this year, with 2,369 superintendents responding. The people in leadership determine who is awarded contracts, prestige, control and money. Christine Ackerman, the superintendent of … Out of the state’s 115 school districts, only 31 are helmed by women. This situation may be changing as many boards are now looking for superintendent leadership in raising test scores and meeting the requirements of state-mandated, high-stakes assessment systems. Dream Big!~ M23, Your email address will not be published. About half of the 297 women superintendents in the study had experience in the central office but very few had responsibilities in personnel and finance. var abkw = window.abkw || ''; Along with nursing, teaching long represented one of the two most accessible professions for women, who until the recent past were largely excluded from such professions as accounting, dentistry, medicine, engineering and law. The percentage of women superintendents remained in a range less than 10% until the 1990s (Björk, 2000, p.8) when it doubled from 6.6% to 13.2% (Glass, 2000). Another 21% (9) serve in districts ranging in size from 751 to 1,799 students. document.write('<'+'div id="placement_214036_'+plc214036+'">'); Dr. Andre Perry, a contributing writer, is a David M. Rubenstein Fellow at The Brookings Institution. Women now entering the teaching profession perhaps possess a higher motivation to teach children than in the past. We will never publish your email. Legal Disclaimers. Notify me by email when the comment gets approved. One possibility: a grant equal to the first-year salary. Men, on the other hand, have been socialized to aspire to be a leader and to better provide status and resources for their families.Women who do become superintendents spend more years as classroom teachers before moving into the administrative ranks. Mentors also provide in-district mobility opportunities for women aspiring to the superintendency. We need more women with ambition to take leadership positions in education if we truly want to uproot the kind of sexism now aimed at our first Black and Asian-American vice-presidential nominee and teach our kids that the upper reaches of power are not a male-only domain. This is consistent with traditional gender socialization. However, a sizable number of these administrators are not former teachers or administrators and thus are ineligible to become superintendents except in one or two states. Of our nation’s 13,728 superintendents, 1,984 today are women. In the AASA study, both men and women superintendents believed mobility has decreased in the superintendency due to the problem of spouses with their own professional careers and state retirement systems that don’t permit portability of pension benefits. Other women take several years out for child-rearing. State-funded yearlong superintendency internships would allow many women administrators to gain a close view of the position. More than half of the women in the AASA study indicated they felt the nature of the superintendency made it unattractive to women working as principals and central-office administrators. Data from the American Association of School Administrators shows that more than 70 percent of teachers across the nation are women, and yet the number of female superintendents hovers around the 15-percent mark. var plc214036 = window.plc214036 || 0; Nearly 82 percent of women superintendents in the AASA study indicated school board members do not see them as strong managers and 76 percent felt school boards did not view them as capable of handling district finances. About 76% of the nation’s K-12 educators are women. Nationwide, for example, just 24.1% of superintendents are women; further, and zeroing in on a single state, a survey of 2,100 principals in Texas revealed that male principals are 17% more likely than females to report that they plan to seek promotion to a … However, about only 10 percent of women in doctoral programs are opting to earn the superintendency credential along with their educational specialist or doctoral degree. var AdButler = AdButler || {}; AdButler.ads = AdButler.ads || []; Nearly 75 percent of superintendents did not teach at the elementary level prior to working as a central-office administrator or superintendent.

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